DeGroot

Serving your perennial, flowerbulb, fruit and vegetable plant needs since 1957.

Aronia Berry

Grow Your Own Fresh Fruit!
Aronia’s extremely high antioxidant levels make it one of the eight “true” superfruits in the world, and it’s the only one of the eight that is native to the United States. USDA research shows Aronia berries has one of the highest antioxidant content of any fruits. The sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer and ice cream. Remove seeds and skin when used in foods to take out the bitterness.

Aronia melanocarpa is a perennial, deciduous shrub, native to the eastern half of the United States. Its native range extends north into Canada and south into Georgia. Aronia is cold hardy to at least USDA Zone 3. The cold tolerant blooms open in late spring, avoiding most spring frosts. The plants grow well on various soil types from boggy soils that are poorly drained to well-drained sites. It can grow six feet high and wide. It grows rapidly and becomes an impressive large shrub within a year’s time. It has dark green foliage. Aronia berry leaves produce spectacular color in the fall, and the plants are highly pest and disease resistant. In May, it becomes covered with little white flowers that turn into little glossy deep purple, almost black berries. Due to its aesthetic beauty, the bush is popular as an ornamental shrub.

Plant Details +

Botanical Aronia melanocarpa
Family Rosaceae
Height 6'
Spacing 6'
Hardiness Zones 3-8
Exposure Full sun to partial shade
Foliage Green
Fruit Nearly blue-black when ripe
Harvest September
Bloomtime May

General Information +

General Characteristics: Aronia, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 6' tall. Remove root suckers to prevent colonial spread. It is native to low woods, swamps, bogs and moist thickets but occasionally to dry upland areas. It is noted for its 5-6 flowered clusters of white 5-petaled spring flowers, glossy elliptic to obovate dark green leaves (to 2-3" long) with finely toothed margins, black autumn berries (blueberry size) and purple/red fall color. Best fruit production usually occurs in full sun.

Planting/Care Instructions +

Planting Instructions: Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants have a wide range of soil tolerance including boggy soils. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. Set the plant in place so the crown (part of the plant where the root meets the stem) is about 1-2 inches below the soil surface. Cover with soil to the original soil surface and water thoroughly.

Pests or Diseases: No serious insect or disease problems. Some susceptibility to leaf spots and twig/fruit blight.