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Nut Tree, Hardy Pecan

The ‘Hardy Pecan’ is one of the country’s most popular pecan trees and it produces sweet delicious nuts! Commonly called ‘Hardy Pecan’, it is a large deciduous lowland tree that is the largest of the hickories. These trees can live farther north than most pecan trees since it is very resistant to winter freezes that can kill other pecan trees. It typically grows 75-100′ tall with a large rounded spreading crown. Trunks mature to 2-4′ in diameter. Pecan features medium green, odd-pinnate, compound leaves, with each leaf having 9-17 pointed leaflets. Leaflets range from 2-7″ long. Leaves mature to yellow-green in summer, eventually turning yellow-brown in fall. Non-showy, greenish yellow flowers appear in April-May. Each nut is encased in a thin husk which splits open into four sections when ripe in fall.

‘Hardy Pecans’ are tall ornamental shade trees for large properties. No serious insect or disease problems. These self-pollinating trees are best grown in humusy, rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Plant an additional ‘Hardy Pecan’ tree to ensure a more productive crop. Nut production can be sparse in the northern part of its growing range, particularly when spring is late and summer is cool.

Plant Details +

Botanical Carya illinoinensis
Common Name Hardy Pecan
Size #1
Height Maximum of 75-100'
Spacing 40-70'
Hardiness Zones 5-9
Exposure Full sun
Foliage Simple, green leaves
Flower Greenish-yellow catkins
Harvest Fall

Planting/Care Instructions +

Planting Instructions: It tolerates a variety of soils and conditions. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. Set the plant in place so the crown (part of the plant where the root meets the stem) is about 1-2 inches below the soil surface. Add generous amounts of peat but no fertilizer when planting. Cover with soil to the original soil surface and water thoroughly.