DeGroot

Serving your perennial, flowerbulb, fruit and vegetable plant needs since 1957.

Pear Tree, 'Asian'

Grow Your Own Fresh Fruit Trees! Enjoy the taste of fall with a crisp, buttery smooth pear!
'Asian' pears are round, firm pears that are shaped like an apple, but taste like a pear. As a result, they are sometimes called "apple pears." Their flesh is firmer than a European pear, but ripe pears are often juicier. This pear tree has delicious, sweet, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. A medium to large, pear with attractive golden-russet skin. Asian pears do not change texture after picking or storage as do European pears such as 'Bartlett'. They also are called salad pears since they are wonderful when combined with many fruits, vegetables, cheeses, and meats! They are a great source of vitamin B and C. One large Asian pear also contains about 30% of your daily fiber intake and helps to promote healthy cholesterol.

'Asian' pears have been grown commercially in Asia for centuries. In Japan, tons are grown and some fruit is exported to the United States in October and November. China and Korea also grow these pears for domestic consumption and export to the United States and Canada. Most new Asian pear plantings are in California, Washington, and Oregon. In the last few years, plantings of Asian pears were made in New Zealand, Australia, Chile, France, and the eastern and southeastern United States.

Pears are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are excellent for eating out of hand and in salads. Pears do not contain cholesterol or fat and are low in calories. Pears are an excellent source of potassium and calcium.

Plant Details +

Botanical (Pyrus communis x P. pyrifolia)
Cultivator Type 'Asian'
Common Name Pear, 'Asian'
Height 12-15' or as pruned
Spacing 10-12'
Hardiness Zone 5-9, -10º to -20ºF
Exposure Full sun
Foliage Green
Flower White
Fruit Golden-russet skin
Harvest Late August
Bloomtime Spring

General Information +

General Characteristics: Exceptional fresh fruit. Asian pears are one of the best for fresh eating and in salads but they also make great pies. Cooler summers will delay the ripening process but a warmer one will hasten it. Great for fruits, and nice in the landscape as small trees with beautiful, white spring flowers. Self-pollinating.

Tip: Pollination When fruit trees produce a large spring bloom, it does not guarantee a plentiful harvest. Successful pollination must occur to produce viable seed, which leads to the development of fruit. There are several ways in which pollination can occur: some fruit trees are "self-pollinating", others are partially self-fertile and require another tree to provide pollen, usually from the same type of tree but a different variety. Pollination Tips: 1. Plant two or more varieties of the same tree. This is the most reliable way of ensuring successful fruit. This is a good idea even with trees that are self-fertile as more fruit set is likely when they are cross-pollinated. 2. Attract bees to your yard. Bees are the number one source for pollination in all fruits. 3. Avoid using insecticides. Although insecticides can benefit by killing harmful garden pests, they also can kill beneficial insects (bees) and therefore should be used only when absolutely necessary. It is NEVER recommended to use insecticides near your fruit trees when they are in bloom. Growing 1. Thin Fruit. After fruit set, if the tree has produced a large amount of fruit and when the fruits are still small, remove 20-35% of the fruits. This will allow the plant to put all of its energy into the remaining fruits, which will, in turn, produce larger and healthier fruit. If thinning is not done and the plant produces an over-abundance of fruit, it sometimes will throw the tree into a biennial (every other year) producer. Therefore, it is important to thin fruit when the tree produces a large amount of fruit. 2. Rake Leaves. Do not allow fruit tree leaves to fall and remain on the ground under your trees. They can produce spores that can be harmful to the fruit tree. It is important to remove the leaves in the fall before winter. 3. Prune your Asian pear trees in the winter when they are dormant. Asian pears have a different growth pattern than their European cousins. Begin pruning and training the first year. Trim the top of your tree the first winter by clipping the main leader just above a bud junction. Continue thinning the tree until you have four or five strong branches by the third year. In some cases, branches in Asian pears may grow at too narrow an angle and require a branch spreader. Branch spreaders press down on branches to increase the angle with the trunk. 4. Cultural Practices. In areas that mice and rabbits are a problem, wrap the trunk of the tree with a quality tree wrap. Also, avoid mechanical injury with weed-eaters and lawn mowers as damaging the bark near the base of the tree can limit fruit production, stunt growth, and in some cases lead to the death of the tree. 5. Fertilization. Fire blight is a common problem on new growth with Asian pears. Because of this, refrain from fertilizing your tree for the first few years of growth. After three years, about 1/2 cup of 13-13-13 balanced fertilizer can be applied once a year. Increase the amount by 1/2 cup per year until you are applying 2 cups per year. If you have any concerns about fire blight, refrain from applying any fertilizer. 6. Fruit Culling. To get larger, sweeter pears, you will need to cull part of your fruit crop during the growing season. Many Asian pears will produce 8 to 12 blossoms per cluster. Reduce the number per cluster to two or three for better pear production. If you have too many clusters on your tree, thin the clusters until they are no closer than 6 inches.

Planting/Care Instructions +

Moisture: Asian pears can be drought tolerant, but produce more and higher quality fruit with good irrigation. Water your tree once a week until the top two or three inches of soil is completely saturated. If you are using a drip system, five to eight gallons a week should be sufficient.

Planting Instructions: May be planted in any well-drained soil. The first step in caring for your Asian pear is to select a good location for your tree. Look for a site with deep soil that drains well. Unlike some other fruits, however, Asian pear trees can grow well in clay soils, but may not produce as well or live as long as trees in better training soils. 1. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the roots without bending or circling. 2. Set the tree in place so the crown (part of the tree where the root meets the stem) is about 1-2 inches below the soil surface. 3. Cover with soil to the original soil surface and water thoroughly. Planting Conditions: When choosing a site to plant your fruit tree(s), there are several factors to consider. 1. Consider the MATURE SIZE of the tree when picking a location and provide adequate space for the tree to mature. A good rule of thumb is to space trees ½ of their mature spread, i.e., if a tree has a mature spread of 20', plant each tree no closer than 10'. Also, keep this in mind when planting near structures. 2. Fruit trees prefer full sun. Do not plant trees under other shade trees or near tall structures that will cast a shade upon the tree. 3. Plant in well-drained soil. Fruit trees do not like to have "wet feet", in other words, they do not like to be in soils that drain slowly or hold water.